Serverless Computing : Efficient way for Deploying serverless Applications and Services

Hello all , hope you are doing great. Here is my tenth blog for you on the topic serverless computing . It is the way to deploy and run services and applications without taking server into consideration.

I have little doubt that many of you have heard of and perhaps even used this type of computing in your projects. In this blog article, I’ll discuss my ideas on it, including what it is, what you should know before utilizing it, and applications for it.

Amazon deserves all the praise for Serverless Computing. With the introduction of AWS Lambda, they are the innovators who initiated this serverless revolution. Later, a number of cloud companies jumped on board and launched their own solutions on it.

What is serverless computing ?


A technique for offering backend services on an as-needed basis is serverless computing. Users can build and deploy code with the help of a serverless provider without having to deal with worrying about the supporting infrastructure.

Because the service is auto-scaling, a firm that purchases backend services from a serverless provider only pays for what they computed to be necessary. They are not need to reserve and pay for a specific amount of bandwidth or a specific number of servers. The use of physical servers continues despite the label “serverless,” but developers do not have to be aware of them.

Anyone who wanted to create a web application in the early days of the internet had to purchase the bulky and expensive hardware needed to run a server.

Then came cloud computing, allowing for the remote rental of predetermined quantities of servers or server space. In order to avoid having their monthly limitations exceeded and their applications broken by a sudden increase in traffic or activity, developers and businesses that rent these fixed units of server space typically buy more than they need. This implies that a significant portion of the server space that is paid for may be wasted. To solve the issue, cloud manufacturers have offered auto-scaling models, but even with this technology, an unwelcome surge in activity, like a DDoS attack, could prove to be very expensive.

With this, developers can buy backend services on a flexible “pay-as-you-go” basis, which requires them to only pay for the services they actually utilize. This is comparable to changing from a cell phone data plan with a monthly cap to one that only costs for the actual bytes of data utilized.

Although there are still servers involved in providing these backend services, the term “serverless” is somewhat deceptive because the vendor is in charge of all infrastructure and server space issues. Developers can complete their tasks without having to bother about servers thanks to the term “serverless.”

Does Serverless mean no servers?

That is inaccurate to say. There are servers running your code, without a doubt. Simply put, you don’t oversee these servers. They are managed for you by your cloud provider, and unlike conventional cloud subscriptions like PaaS, they are not constantly active. On top of a cloud infrastructure, it offers an abstraction layer. No longer do developers have to be concerned about actual or virtual servers. Instead of provisioning or managing servers, it enables you to run code directly in the cloud.

How does your code get executed?

In essence, your application notifies the cloud server when it needs to perform a task, and after that task is finished, the server essentially halts operations until another task is requested. Function-as-a-Service (FaaS) and event-based architecture are other names for it. In essence, a function is triggered by an event. It is a piece of code that launches the server that executes this code immediately. The server immediately shuts down after finishing. Let’s look at a well-known Amazon example that discusses the most typical use case for AWS Lambda in order to better understand how Serverless code is actually run.

Consider creating a bespoke photo library website that enables image uploading and displays images consistently across all platforms, including laptops, mobile phones, and tablets. You need to upload a picture to an S3 bucket to accomplish this. The image can be resized to look good on all devices as soon as it is uploaded to an S3 bucket. After that, the image can be compressed to reduce disc space, and then it can be copied to a processed folder. AWS Lambda is the program that executes just when the event is triggered and accomplishes all of this. The servers that power the Lambda activities won’t be active after the file has been handled.

Who Offers Serverless?

As I previously mentioned, Amazon is the main pioneer in this technology, and their this type of offering is AWS Lambda.

  • Google offers Google Cloud Functions
  • Microsoft offers Azure Functions
  • IBM offers IBM OpenWhisk

Apart from Amazon, Google, Microsoft, and IBM, there are several others that provide Serverless Computing, and some are open source as well.

What Are the Benefits of Serverless Computing?

Many businesses throughout the world use Serverless to power their products. For instance, Netflix used AWS Lambda to scale the power of their offerings.

Some of the benefits are:

  • Cost: Compared to other PaaS subscriptions, it has a lower subscription fee. The servers only operate when necessary, which is essentially only while the Serverless code is running. For downtime on the server, there is no charge.
  • Elastic: With it, the functionalities you employ can scale up automatically to handle traffic peaks and decrease automatically when there are fewer concurrent users, all without the need for manual management. As a result, costs will be reduced because you only pay for what you utilize.
  • Administration: When a patch is ready, administration is automated, so you don’t need to update underlying software. There are no operating systems that require patching or security measures. By putting the infrastructure out of mind, you can focus solely on creating the finest product.
  • Microservices: Microservices is a popular approach to development in which engineers build modular software that’s more flexible, scalable, and easier to manage than its monolithic counterparts. Serverless architecture fits very well with microservices.

What Are the Challenges?

Every new technology brings with it obstacles and demands, as you are all aware. The internal implementation of the various cloud providers is where the main problems lie. In addition to the well-known suppliers, there are a number of FaaS products that have appeared on the market. All FaaS providers face the issues listed above, but different vendors may have their own approaches to solving some of the issues.

  • Costs: Even though this type of operations only execute for a brief period of time, there are times when the costs cannot be predicted or limited. A threshold limit can be set up via an alert system offered by some providers. You will be informed when the cost exceeds the predetermined threshold. However, you must continually monitor and take the necessary action to reduce unanticipated expense rises.
  • Vendor Lock-in: The main root cause for this is often not Serverless functions/FaaS functions itself, but the integrations with other vendor offered proprietary services. Once integrated with their services, it takes a while to move the code across vendors if you decide to do so, and it also takes time if the code base is quite huge.
  • Integration testing: Integration testing becomes hard, and most of the time requires mocking the integrated services or running some alternate functionality for each one of them.
  • Service Discovery: With distributed architecture, the service discovery is enabled for the services to be discoverable, if not externally, at least internally to each other. Though Serverless architecture is a distributed architecture, services aren’t currently discoverable, but will be in the future.
  • Configuration: Using environment variables to handle configuration is the best approach for the majority of apps. Most suppliers do not currently enable configuring configuration variables. However, reputable suppliers like AWS have already begun to support it.

Therefore, there are undoubtedly a number of use cases where you can make use of serverless functionalities, taking into account all the advantages and disadvantages of serverless computing. The majority of newly developed or expanding mobile applications, games, voice-enabled apps, IoT apps, media apps, and many more in the market use serverless architecture. Given that numerous suppliers and members of the community are working to fix some of the problems and incorporate more recent capabilities… The newest trend is serverless computing.

What are the advantages of this type of computing?

  • Lower costs – This computing is generally very cost-effective, as traditional cloud providers of backend services (server allocation) often result in the user paying for unused space or idle CPU time.
  • Simplified scalability – Developers using serverless architecture don’t have to worry about policies to scale up their code. The serverless vendor handles all of the scaling on demand.
  • Simplified backend code – With FaaS, developers can create simple functions that independently perform a single purpose, like making an API call.
  • Quicker turnaround – Serverless architecture can significantly cut time to market. Instead of needing a complicated deploy process to roll out bug fixes and new features, developers can add and modify code on a piecemeal basis.

How does serverless compare to other cloud backend models?

A couple of technologies that are often conflated with serverless computing are Backend-as-a-Service and Platform-as-a-Service. Although they share similarities, these models do not necessarily meet the requirements of serverless.

Backend-as-a-service (BaaS) is a service delivery model where a cloud provider provides backend services like data storage, allowing developers to concentrate on building front-end code. BaaS apps might not adhere to either of these standards, whereas serverless applications are event-driven and run on the edge.

Platform-as-a-service (PaaS) is a concept where developers essentially rent all the equipment they need, such as middleware and operating systems, from a cloud provider in order to create and deploy applications. Serverless apps are more scalable than PaaS applications, nonetheless. PaaS also frequently have a notable starting time that is absent in serverless applications and don’t always run on the edge.

Infrastructure-as-a-service (IaaS) is a blanket word for cloud service providers who host infrastructure on their clients’ behalf. Serverless capability may be offered by IaaS providers, but the two concepts are not interchangeable.

What kind of backend services can serverless computing provide?

The majority of serverless service providers give their clients access to databases and storage, and many of them have platforms for function-as-a-service (FaaS), like Cloudflare Workers. Developers can run brief segments of code at the network edge thanks to FaaS. With FaaS, programmers can create a modular architecture and create a more scalable codebase without having to invest resources in backend maintenance.

What is next for serverless?

As serverless providers develop strategies to get around some of its limitations, serverless computing continues to advance. The problem of cold starts is one of these.

To save energy and prevent over-provisioning, the provider typically disables a serverless service when it hasn’t been called for a while. The serverless provider will have to spin it up from scratch and start hosting that function once more the next time a user runs an application that calls that function. A “cold start” is what is known as when there is a lengthy startup period.

The function will be served much more quickly on successive requests once it is up and running (warm starts), but if it is not used for a while, it will once again become dormant. Therefore, the subsequent user who makes a request for that feature will start from scratch. Cold starts were formerly thought to be an essential trade-off of using serverless functions.

By firing up serverless services in advance, during the TLS handshake, Cloudflare Workers has solved this issue. The end result is a FaaS platform with zero cold starts because Workers functions spin up at the edge in a very brief period of time, even quicker than the time needed to complete the handshake. Visit our Developer documentation to get started with Cloudflare Workers.

We can anticipate that serverless architecture will proliferate as more of the drawbacks of adopting it are resolved and edge computing gains in popularity.

Hope you all liked this article and this helps you a lot . For more blogs like this visit our websites : Theax blogs.

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